July 27, 2012

Java EE 6 Annotations - JSR 299: Contexts and Dependency Injection - Part 1

Introduction

One of the maybe biggest new feature in EE 6 is the Dependency Injection, DI, support. Many of you are already familiar with the this concept after been using Spring, Guice or other DI framework. But now these feature are standardized in the EE 6 specification via the following Annotations:

Overview

Core DI package [http://docs.oracle.com/javaee/6/api/javax/inject/package-summary.html]
"Annotations and interfaces relating to scopes and contexts." [http://docs.oracle.com/javaee/6/api/javax/enterprise/context/package-summary.html]
  • javax.enterprise.context.ApplicationScoped
  • javax.enterprise.context.SessionScoped
  • javax.enterprise.context.ConversationScoped
  • javax.enterprise.context.RequestScoped
  • javax.enterprise.context.Dependent
"Annotations relating to bean and stereotype definition, built-in qualifiers, and interfaces and classes relating to programmatic lookup." [http://docs.oracle.com/javaee/6/api/javax/enterprise/inject/package-summary.html]

javax.inject.Named

The @Named annotation is used for alternative lookup id. Example And the JSF/JSP page:

javax.inject.Qualifier

The @Qualifier is used to qualify injection if there are multiple candidate in the classpath. Example a bean @Inject an interface but there are several implementation of that interface in the classpath.

javax.enterprise.context

You might think the above scooping Annotation are only used with JSF, but in fact these Annotation can be used on any Bean, for example try to annotate a POJO with @ApplicationScope and then grab it with the @Inject annotation in a Bean.

javax.enterprise.inject.Alternative

The @Alternative annotation is used for annotating a class to be ignored for @Inject lookup, and to enable must it be declared in META-INF/beans.xml. Example: META-INF/beans.xml And now can @Alternative be used with @Inject

javax.enterprise.inject.New

The @New annotation creates a new inject instance of Object, good example is shown in EE API, http://docs.oracle.com/javaee/6/api/javax/enterprise/inject/New.html.

javax.enterprise.inject.Any

“The @Any qualifier allows an injection point to refer to all beans or all events of a certain bean type.” [http://docs.oracle.com/javaee/6/api/javax/enterprise/inject/Any.html]

javax.enterprise.inject.Produces

The @Produces annotation can be seen as a factory. Good example can be seen here http://code.google.com/p/jee6-cdi/wiki/DependencyInjectionAnIntroductoryTutorial_Part1#Using_simple_@Produces.

javax.enterprise.inject.Disposes

And the @Disposes is the cleanup method for factory @Produces.

Now I presume that you are eager to get started testing these and annotation and that I will describe in my next blog http://magnus-k-karlsson.blogspot.se/2012/07/java-ee-6-annotations-jsr-299-contexts_27.html.

2 comments:

Anonymous said...

"The @Alternative annotation is used for annotating a class to be ignored for @Inject lookup, and to enable must it be declared in META-INF/beans.xml."

So you say the annotation is used to IGNORE the "inject", but some lines later you "inject" it despite... dude, you make no sense.

Anonymous said...

"The @Alternative annotation is used for annotating a class to be ignored for @Inject lookup, and to enable must it be declared in META-INF/beans.xml."

So you say the annotation is used to IGNORE the "inject", but some lines later you "inject" it... dude, you make no sense.