Since JDK 1.4 there is a default Logging API in Java. The entire Logging API is contained in the package java.util.logging.
Default Logging Configuration
Java comes with a default logging configuration file, that only contains a ConsoleHandler and writes to standard error.
To change default configuration, create a new configuration file and add a system property java.util.logging.config.file to you java process, which point to yours configuration file. Example:
The available handlers/appenders and their configuration are:
Java Logging API has the following levels: OFF, SEVERE, WARNING, INFO, CONFIG, FINE, FINER, FINEST, ALL
You define a global log level with .level, then if you need specific configuration you add: <package>[.class].level=<level>
NOTE: ConsoleHandler is special, for that you need to set ConsoleHandler.level for others you don't!
There exists only two formatter and you typically want to use the SimpleFormatter.
NOTE: Most handlers uses the SimpleFormatter as default, but some do not. For them you need to set the formatter configuration.
The default format is quite odd, so you want to change that.
The configuration is done with java.util.logging.SimpleFormatter.format. And the value is for the java call in java.util.logging.SimpleFormatter.format(LogRecord)
To understand the java.lang.String.format(String, Object...) syntax, read https://docs.oracle.com/javase/8/docs/api/java/util/Formatter.html#syntax.